Keyboard Kya Hai Aur Kitne Prakar ke Hote hain – What is Keyboard in hindi

Computer istemal karne wale logo ko ye to jarur malum hoga ki Keyboard Kya hai (What is Keyboard in Hindi)? Computer ya laptop me data input karne  aur typing karne ke liye Keyboard ka hi use karte hain.  Lekin fir bhi kuch log aise hote hain jo iska istemal to karte hain lekin iske bare me jankari nahi hoti hai. Aaj ki is post me main bataunga ki Keyboard kya hai jisse un sabhi logo ko ye samajhne me aasani hogi jo Keyboard ka importance kya hota hai.

Waise bahut sare logon ko Computer kya hai aur uske bare me achhi jankari hoti hai lekin Keyboard Kya Hota hai ? aur ye kyu istemal kiya jata hai ye janna bhi jaruri hai. Sath hi  Types of Keyboard in Hindi means Keyboard kitne type ke hote hain iski jankari bhi honi chahiye. Computer me har tarah ke data likhne ke liye iska istemal karte hain. Aur bahut sare aise kaam Keyboard ke bina aap pura nahi kar sakte hain. To aapke mann me uth rahe sawaal ka jawab main aage ek-ek kar ke dunga. To chaliye jante hain Computer ke keyboard ki jankari hindi me (Information about keyboard in Hindi).

Keyboard Kya Hai (What is Keyboard in Hindi)

Computer me bahut sare device connect kiye jate hain jo bahut jaruri hote hain jaise Input device aur output device. Keyboard computer ka ek input device hai jo kaha jaye to ek bahut hi important device hai. Kyu ki jis tarah insaan ke hath pair ke bina insaan viklang ho jata hai usi tarah agar computer se keyboard ko hata diya jaye to computer bhi viklang ho jayega yani mere kehne ka matlab hai ki computer ka use hi nahi ho sakta. Keyboard ke bina computer chalega hi nahi. keyboard ko hindi me Kunjipatal kaha jata hai.

Iska istemal mainly computer me alphabets, numbers, commands aur alag alag data enter karne ke liye hota hai. Ye computer se direct communicate karne ka medium hota hai. Hamare enter kiye hue data ko ye CPU proces kar ke fir output device jaise monitor aur printer ke dwara hume result show kar deta hai.

Keyboard bhi mouse ki tarah ek input device hone ke sath bahut sare alag alag kaam kar sakte hain. Mouse Kya hai aur kaise kaam karta hai ye apko malum hoga. Lekin kya apko malum hai ki aap bina mouse ke bhi bahut sare kaam sirf keyboard se hi kar sakte hain.

keyboard kya hai(what is keyboard in hindi)

 

Keyboard Kitne Type Ke Hote Hain (Types of Keyboard in Hindi)

Computer keyboard upyog ke anusar alag alag tarah ke hote hain. Yahan main apko bataunga ki keyboard kitne tarah ke hote hain. Waise to normally computer aur laptop keyboards hote hain log usi ko jante hain lekin iske alawa gaming keyboards, ergonomic keyboards, thumbsize keyboards, numeric keyboards etc. bhi hote hain.

Iske alawa bhi bahut type ke computer keyboards hote hain jaise foldable keyboards, laser/infrared keyboards, aur chorded keyboards. Keyboard ko computer se connect karne ke liye bhi alag alag tarike hote hain jaise PS/2 aur USB.

Chaliye ab jante hain ki ye alag alag keyboard kya hain aur kaise kaam karte hain.

Laptop Keyboards

Ye keyboard QWERTY version ka hi keyboard hota hai. Laptop me jo use hota hai wo Computer keyboard ke samaan hi hota hai. Bas fark ye hota hai ki kuch buttons ko space ki kami hone ke karan kam kar diya jata hai. Is tarah ke keyboard me kuch extra keys hote hain jaise power button, volume button, play button,rewind button, mute button etc.

Gaming Keyboards

Gaming Keyboard bhi normal keyboards ke samaan hi hote hain bas thoda fark ye hota hai ki gaming keybord me kuch extra keys diye huye hote hain. Isme extra features ke roop me illuminated keys, multimedia keys, ek LCD screen, palm rest diya hua hota hai.

Illuminated keys ka use raat ke samay me game khelne ke liye hota hai. Jab raat me andhera jyada ho jab keyboard thik se nahi dikhai deta hai to illuminated keyboard kaam aata hai. Game khelne ka bich me multimedia keys music ke sound ko badhane aur music track ko badalne ke kaam aata hai.

Ergonomic Computer keyboards

Ergonomic keyboards aise keyboards hain jo Hath ke muscle ke typing karne se hone wale dard ko kam karne ke liye banaya gaya hai. Sath hi hath ko aaram dene ke liye banay gaya hai. Normally is tarak keyboards 2 hath wale typists ke liye V-Shape me banay jata hai. Isse angle ban jata hai jisse typing speed bhi badh jati hai.

Laser or Infrared Keyboards

Computer ki duniya me ye latest technology hai. Is technology se keyboard light ke roop me flat surface me project ho jata hai. Iski light project hone se table ya desk par hi keyboard ban jata hai.

Table ya desk par bane keyboard me hi aap type kar ke words ko computer me input kar sakte hain. Waise ye technology abhi developing stage me hai isiliye is ka regular upyog nahi ho raha hai.

Rollup Keyboards

Rollup safar me use hone wale sabse best keyboards hain. Ise aap roll kar ke rakh sakte hain aur jab jarurat ho use fir khol ke use kar sakte hain. Ise carry karna bahut hi aasan ho jata hai iski rollup hone ki wajah se.

Ye normally silicon aur polyurethane material se bana hua hota hai. Is material ka yahi faayda hai aap ise rollup kar sakte hain lekin ise fold nahi karna hai isse circuit damage hone ka khatra hota hai. 

Keyboard Layout

Layout ka matlab agar aap jante honge to aap ko samajh me aa hi gaya hoga ki Keyboard layout kya hai. Agar nahi malum to chaliye jante hain, alag alag language ke hisab se keyboard ki structure ya banawat ko bhi apne hisab se banaya jata hai. Buttons ko apne hisab se alag alag tarike se place kar diya jata hai.

Ajkal bahut se layout types available hain jaise QWERTY, QWERTZ, AZERTY etc lekin in sab me sabse jyada QWERTY ka istemal kiya jata hai. Chaliye thoda in layout ke bare me bhi thoda jaan lete hain.

QWERTY

Kya aap ko layout ka naam kaise rakha gaya hai? Agar aap thoda sa dhyan diye honge to jarur malum hoga ki keyboard alphabets ke first line ke pehle 6 letters hi QWERTY hain. Chahe to abhi aap mobile me whatsapp open kar is layout ko dekh sakte hain.

Ye aisa layout hai jo duniya me sabse jyada popular hai. Yahan tak ki aap har mobile aur tablet me bhi is layout ko dekh sakte hain.

QWERTZ

QWERTY layout se QWERTZ layout me bas itna fark hai ki isme Y letter ke position ko Z letter ke position se replace kiya gaya hai. Isiliye is ka nickname “Keyzboard” rakha gaya.  Is badlaw ke 2 bade karan hain.

  • German language me “Y” letter se jyada Common letter “Z” hota hai jiske karan iska prayog adhik kiya jata hai.
  • Iske sath hi German orthography ke anusar “T” aur “Z” hamesha ek dusre ke aage pichhe jarur prayog kiye jate hain. Isiliye in dono letters ko Index fingers ke jariye bahut hi aasani se type ho sakta hai.

AZERTY

Typewriter aur Computer Keyboards par Latin alphabet ke liye AZERTY ek special layout mana jata hai. Isse basically sabse jyada French log use karte hain.

DVORAK

Augustine Dvorak ne DVORAK layout ka invention kiya tha. Is me letters ke use ke anusar arrange kiya gaya hai. Example ke liye “e” letter sabse commonly used letter hota hai isiliye ise centre me place kiya gaya hai. Isse finger ki movement kam ho jati hai. Sabhi other layout ki tulna me is layout me kaafi speed typing hoti hai aur sath hi ye fingers ke liye comfortable bhi hota hai.

Keyboard Keys ke 5 Categories Kaun se hain

Computer keyboard me button ke aakar me bahut sare alphabetical letters, Numerical numbers, symbols aur commands hote hain. Har key kisi na kisi khas category se juda hua hota hai. Agar aap samajh gaye ki kaun sa key kis category se juda hai to aap aasani se uska funtion jan sakte hain.

Kuch keyboards special keys ka use karte hain lekin kuch bina special keys ke hi hote hai. Lekin sabhi keyboards me ek jaisa alphanumerical keys jarur hote hain.

Alphanumeric Keys

Duniya ke har keyboard me keys ka ek set  hota hai jise alphanumeric keys ke naam se jana jata hai. Ise alphanumeric ise liye bola jata hai kyu ki isme sirf alphabets aur numbers hote hain. Isme number keys 2 jagah me hote hain. Ek to alphabets ke uper ke row me hote hain aur dusri alphabets ke right side me.

Upar wale numbers keys me symbol bhi hote hain jo Shift key ko press kar ke sath me press karne se type ho jate hain. Letter keys har keyboard me same way me hi arranged hote hain first row me QWERTY hote hain.  Aap apne smartphone aur tablet ke keyboard me bhi isi layout ko dekh sakte hain.

Punctuation Keys

Punctuation Keys ka matlab hota hai waise keys jo viram signs ko represent karte hain. In ke examples hain,

Comma  – Jise hum Alpviram bhi kehte hain,

Question mark – Prashan Sign,

Colon Key – Colon key

Period Key – Awadhi key.

Ye sari keys letter keys ke right side me available hote hain.

Function Keys

Sabse upar ke row me function keys hote hain. Ise aap F1, F2……..F12 ke name se pehchan sakte hain. Function keys ke kaam alag alag funtion hote hain. Jaisi bhi jarurat ho waisa kaam liya jata hai.

Navigation Keys

Navigation keys Keybaord ke right side me letter keys aur numbers keys ke bich me hote hain. Ye mainly 4 arrows hote hain jo left, right, up down direction ko represent karte hain. Mouse ke jaisa hi navigation keys se cursor ko sabhi directions me move kar sakte hain. Iske sath hi pages ko scroll karne ke liye iska use karte hain.

Command keys And Special keys

Command keys waise keys hote hain jo ki normally command dene ke liye use kiye jate hain. Jaise ki “delete”, “enter”, “return”. Ye apke keyboard par depend karta hai ki special keys kahan par hain jo numbers ke upar maujud ho sakte hain aur kisi me nahi bhi ho sakte hain.

Ye special keys End, Home, Caps lock, hain jiska upyog volume badhane aur kam karne ke liye karte hain aur sath hi video rewind aur foward karne ke liye karte hain. Iske sath hi CTRL and ALT ke sath aur bhi kaam kar sakte hain.

Computer Keyboard Ke Different Keys

Aap keyboard ke use karte hain aur isme aapke kaam kae har tarah ke button bhi maujud hote hain . To aapko shayad ye bhi malum hoga ki in keys ke kitne types hote hain. Agar nahi malum hai to fir aage iske bare me apko puri jankari mil jaayegi.

Typing Keys

Typing keys wahi keys hote hain jo hume normally maximum type karne ke liye use karte hain jaise alphabets aur numeric keys. Ise aap alphanumeric keys ke roop me bhi upar padh chuke hain. Iske alawa isme punctuation aur symbols bhi include hain.

Function Keys

Sabse upar ke row me function keys hote hain. Ise aap F1, F2……..F12 ke name se pehchan sakte hain. Function keys ke kaam alag alag funtion hote hain. Jaisi bhi jarurat ho waisa kaam liya jata hai.

Numeric keys

Numeric keys wo keys hain jo alphabets ke right side me numbers keys hote hain. Ye hume calculation karne me kaafi helpful hot hain.

Control Keys

Control keys waise keys hain jinhe single bhi use kiya ja sakta hai ya fir kisi aur key ke sath bhi use kiya ja sakta hai. Ctrl, Alt, Escape, Windows Key etc control keys hote hain. Iske alawa Scroll Key, PrtScr, Pause, Break keys bhi control keys hote hain.

Indicators 

Keyboard me kuch keys ke liye indicator lights hote hain. jab in keys ko on kiya jaye to iske indication ke liye jo lights hain wo on rehte hain. Agar lights off hain matlab key se jo function juda hua hai wo kaam nahi karega.

Jab Num key on hai to right side ke numerical numbers key kaam karenge otherwise numbers type nahi honge off rehne par.

Capslock key ka indicator light on rehne par sare alphabets upper case me likhe jayenge, off rehne par lower case me.

Keyboard Keys Details ke Sath

Key/Symbol     Explanation 
Windows PC keyboards me ek Windows key hota hai jo 4 pane windows jaisa dikhta hai. 
Command Apple Mac computers me ek command key hota hai. 
Esc Esc (Escape) key. 
Fn Fn (Function) key. 
F1 – F12 Information jisme F1 – F12 keyboard keys hote hain. 
Tab Tab key. 
Caps lock Caps lock key 
 Left  Cursor ko left me le jane ke liye  
Right  Cursor ko right me le jane ke liye  
Up  Cursor ko upar me le jane ke liye  
Down  Cursor ko niche me le jane ke liye  
Back Space Delete karne ke liye  
Delete      Delete karne ke liye  
Shift  Shift key. 
Spacebar Spacebar key. 
Enter Ok ya Enter button  
Pause Pause key. 
Break Break key 
Insert Insert key. 
Home Home key 
Prt Scrn Screenshot lene ke kaam aata hai.  
Ctrl Ctrl (Control) key. Single aur double button ke roop me use kar sakte hain. 
Scroll lock Scroll lock key. 
Alt Alt (Alternate) key (PC Only; Mac users have Option key). 
Page up For Page up or pg up key. 
Page down 
For Page down or pg dn key. 
End     End key. 
Num Lock Num Lock key. 
~ Tilde 
` Acute, Back quote, grave, grave accent, left quote, open quote, or a push. 
! Exclamation mark, Exclamation point, or Bang. 
@ Ampersat, Arobase, Asperand, At, or At symbol. 
# Octothorpe, Number, Pound, sharp, or Hash 
 Euro. 
$     Dollar sign or generic currency. 
¢ Cent sign 
¥ Chinese or Japenese Yuan. 
§ Micro or Section 
% Percent 
° Degree. 
^ Caret or Circumflex 
& Ampersand, Epershand, or And. 
* Asterisk, mathematical multiplication symbol, and sometimes referred to as star 
( Open parenthesis. 
) Close parenthesis. 
 Hyphen, Minus ya Dash. 
? Question Mark. 
> Greater Than ya Angle brackets. 
< Less Than ya Angle brackets 
, Sentence me alp viram ke liye Comma. 
. Sentence pura karne par Full Stop. 
 Apostrophe ya Single Quote. 
 Quote, Quotation mark, ya Inverted commas 
: Colon. 
/ Forward slash, Solidus, Virgule, Whack, and mathematical division symbol. 
\ Backslash or Reverse Solidus. 
| Pipe, Vertical bar. 
 Closed bracket 
[ Open bracket. 
} Close Brace, squiggly brackets, or curly bracket. 
{ Open Brace, squiggly brackets, or curly bracket 
= Equal 
 Plus. 
_ Underscore. 
 Hyphen, Minus or Dash. 

 Conclusion 

Ab aap samajh gae honge ki Keyboard kya hai(Keyboard in Hindi) aur ye kitne tarah ka hota hai. Apko maine information about keyboard in hindi ki jankari ache se dene ki kosish ki hai taki aap iske bare me ache se samajh sake. Fir agar apko kisi tarah ki problem ho to aap commen me puchh sakte hain.Main apke sawaalon ka jawab dene ki puri koshish karunga.

Apse meri anurodh hai ki aap is post ko apne friends ke sath jarur share kare. Apko keyboard kya hai ye post kaisa laga aur ise comment kar ke jarur bataye. 

Keyboard Kya Hai Aur Kitne Prakar ke Hote hain – What is Keyboard in hindi
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8 Comments

  1. Banibrata Das September 5, 2018
  2. Deepanshu September 5, 2018
    • wasim akram September 5, 2018
  3. Tanmoy September 20, 2018
    • wasim akram September 20, 2018
  4. ANAND October 26, 2018

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